Registration Requirements
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Architects Act 1991

Chapter 12 - Part 3, 4 and 5

PART III
PRIVILEGES OF ARCHITECTS

Section 10 -
Illegal practice

10.- (1) Subject to the provisions of this Act, no person shall draw or prepare any architectural plan, drawing, tracing, design, specification or other document intended to govern the construction, enlargement or alteration of any building or part thereof in Singapore unless the person is -

(a) a registered architect who has in force a practising certificate; or

(b) under the direction or supervision of a registered architect who has in force a practising certificate.

(2) Subject to the provisions of this Act, no person shall sign and submit to a public authority (as defined in section 3(4) -

(a) any architectural plan, drawing, tracing, design, specification or other document intended to govern the construction, enlargement or alteration of any building or part thereof in Singapore; or

(b) any report, certificate or other document relating to the construction, enlargement or alteration of any building or part thereof which is required by any written law to be signed by an architect, unless the person is a registered architect who has in force a practising certificate.

(2A) Any document that is signed in contravention of subsection (2) shall be invalid.

(3) Subject to the provisions of this Act, no person shall -

(a) use verbally or otherwise the word "architect" or any of its derivatives in connection with his business designation, or any other words, name or designation that will lead to the belief that the person is an architect unless the person is a registered architect; or

(b) advertise or hold himself out or conduct himself in any way or by any means as a person who is authorised to supply architectural services in Singapore, unless the person is a registered architect who has in force a practising certificate, a licensed corporation, a licensed partnership or a partnership consisting wholly of registered architects:

(4) Nothing in subsection (3)(b) shall apply to prevent a corporation or limited liability partnership that ceases to have in force a licence from carrying on any activity necessary to the winding up of the corporation or limited liability partnership

(5) Subject to the provisions of this Act, no person shall -

(a) supply or offer to supply architectural services in Singapore;

(b) Deleted by Act 18/2003, wef 01/01/2004.

unless the person is -

(i) a registered architect who has in force a practising certificate and is doing so on his own account or as a partner in a licensed partnership, a licensed limited liability partnership or a partnership consisting wholly of registered architects who have in force a practising certificate;

(ii) an allied professional and is doing so only by reason of being a partner in a licensed partnership or limited liability partnership; or

(iii) a licensed corporation or limited liability partnership.

(5A) Notwithstanding subsection (5), a builder may supply or offer to supply architectural services in Singapore in connection with any building works which he undertakes to carry out if the architectural services are provided by a person referred to in subsection (5)(i), (ii) or (iii).

(6) Any person who contravenes subsection (1), (2), (3), or (5) shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $5,000 and, in the case of a second or subsequent conviction, to a fine not exceeding $10,000 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 6 months or to both.

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Section 11 -
Remuneration for services rendered.

11. Subject to the provisions of this Act, no person shall be entitled to recover in any court any charge, fee or remuneration for any architectural services rendered in Singapore unless the person rendering such services is authorised by this Act to supply those services.

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Section 12 -
Employment of unregistered architect prohibited.

12.- (1) Subject to the provisions of this Act, no person shall employ as an architect any person who neither is a registered architect nor has in force a practising certificate.

(2) Any person who contravenes subsection (1) shall be guilty of an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding $2,000 and, for a second or subsequent conviction to a fine not exceeding $5,000.

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Section 13 -
Minor Building Works.

13. Nothing in this Act shall be construed to prohibit or prevent any person not registered under this Act from carrying out work in respect of the construction of or repairs to any building or part thereof in any case in which plans are not required by any written law to be submitted to a building authority or to a public authority (as defined in section 3(4)).

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Section 14 -
Relationship with professional engineers, etc.

14. Nothing in this Part shall apply to prevent -

(a) a professional engineer who has in force a practising certificate issued under the Professional Engineers Act (Cap.253) or any person under the direction or supervision of such a professional engineer; or

(b) a corporation, partnership or limited liability partnership which is licensed under that Act to engage in professional engineering work in Singapore, from carrying on any activity within the practice of professional engineering which he or it is authorised to carry on under that Act where to do so does not constitute a substantial part of services within the practice of architecture.

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PART IV
REGISTRATION OF ARCHITECTS

 

Section 15 -
Qualifications for registration

15.- (1) Subject to this section, the following persons shall, on payment of the prescribed fee, be entitled to registration under this Act:

(a) any person holding the Degree of Bachelor of Architecture from the National University of Singapore or the University of Singapore;

(b) any person holding any other degree, diploma or qualification which the Minister may, after consultation with the Board, approve for the purpose of entitling the holder thereof to be registered under this Act; or

(c) any person who satisfies the Board that he is otherwise qualified by having proper and recognised training in architecture and who passes such examinations as may be required by the Board.

(2) No person shall be entitled to registration under subsection (1) (a), (b) or (c) unless he satisfies the Board as to any of the following:

(a) that he has,after obtaining his qualifications -

(i) acquired not less than 2 years of such practical experience in architectural work as may be prescribed or approved by the Board (including practical experience in architectural work in Singapore for a continuous period of at least 12 months); and

(ii) passed such professional practice examination as may be prescribed or approved by the Board;

(b) that he has,after obtaining his qualifications -

(i) acquired not less than 5 years of such practical experience in architectural work as may be recognised by the Board (including not less than 2 years of the prescribed practical experience in architectural work in Singapore with a continuous period of at least 12 months of such prescribed practical experience being acquired within the 5 years immediately preceding the date of his application for registration under this Act); and

(ii) passed such oral or written examination as may be prescribed by the Board;

(c) that he has,after obtaining his qualifications -

(i) acquired not less than 10 years of such practical experience in architectural work as may be recognised by the Board; and

(ii) passed such oral or written examination as may be prescribed by the Board.

(3) The Minister may, after consultation with the Board, by order published in the Gazette, exempt, subject to such conditions as he thinks fit, any person from the requirements of subsection (2).

(4) The Board may refuse to register any applicant who in the opinion of the Board -

(a) is not of good character and reputation; or

(b) is unable to carry out the duties of an architect effectively.

(5) Any person whose application for registration has been refused by the Board may, within 30 days after being notified of such refusal, appeal to the High Court whose decision shall be final.

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Section 16 -
Application for registration

16. Every application for registration under this Act shall be made to the Board in such form and manner as may be prescribed.

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Section 17 -
Certificates of registration

17. Every registered architect shall, on payment of the prescribed fee, be entitled to receive a certificate of registration under the hand of the Registrar.

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Section 17A -
Amendment of register of architects

17A. The Registrar shall -

(a) amend the register of architects when there is any alteration which may come to his knowledge in the name, address or other relevant particulars of any registered architect;

(b) correct any error in any entry in the register of architects; and

(c) remove from the register of architects the name of any person -

(i) whose name has been ordered to be removed under any provision of this Act; or

(ii) who is deceased

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Section 17B -
Removal of name and particulars from register of architects

17B. (1) The Board may order the name and other particulars of a registered architect to be removed from the register of architects if he -

(a) has no address in Singapore at which he can be contacted or sent any document using his particulars in the register; or

(b) has not renewed his practising certificate for a continuous period of not less than 10 years.

(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of Part VII, the Board may order the name and other particulars of a registered architect to be removed from the register of architects if it comes to the knowledge of the Board that -

(a) he has obtained his registration by fraud or misrepresentation;

(b) his qualification for registration under section 15 has been withdrawn or cancelled by the authority through which it was acquired or by which it was awarded; or

(c) he refuses or has failed to comply with any order made by a Disciplinary Committee under section 31G (2)(c) or (e).

(3) The Board shall, before exercising its powers under subsection (2), notify the registered architect concerned of its intention to take such action and shall give the registered architect an opportunity to submit reasons, within such period as the Board may determine, as to why his name should not be removed from the register.

(4) Any person aggrieved by an order made by the Board under subsection (2) may, within 30 days of being notified of the order, appeal to the Minister whose decision shall be final.

(5) Any registered architect may apply to the Board to have his name and particulars removed from the register of architects.

(6) Every application under subsection(5) shall be made in such form as the Board may require and the Board may, if it thinks fit, require either or both of the following:

(a) that the application should be supported by a statutory declaration;

(b) that the applicant should advertise his intention to make the application in such manner as the Board shall direct.

(7) Subject to subsection (8), the Board may, upon receiving an application made under subsection (5), direct the Registrar to remove the name and particulars of the applicant from the register of architects.

(8) No order shall be made on an application under subsection (5) if the Board is satisfied that -

(a) disciplinary action is pending against the applicant; or

(b) the conduct of the applicant is the subject of an inquiry by an Investigation Committee.

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Section 17C -
Reinstatement of registration

17C. (1) Any person whose name and particulars have been removed from the register of architects under section 31G (2)(a) shall, if his appeal to the High Court under section 31H is allowed, be immediately reinstated without payment of any fee.

(2) The Board may, in its discretion, after the expiration of not less than 3 years from the removal from the register of architects of the name and particulars of any person, consider any fresh application for registration by that person in accordance with the provisions of Part IV.

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PART V
PRACTISING CERTIFICATES

 

Section 18 -
Practising Certificates

18.- (1) Where a registered architect desires to engage in the practice of architecture in Singapore after 31st December of any year, he shall, not later than 1st December of that year and in such form and manner as may be prescribed, apply for a practising certificate authorising him to engage in the practice of architecture during the ensuing year.

(2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), where a registered architect applies for a practising certificate for the first time after registration under section 15, the application may be made at any time during the year and the registered architect may be issued a practising certificate for the remainder of the year in which the application is made.

(3) Any application by a registered architect under this section shall be accompanied by -

(a) a declaration in writing stating -

(i) his full name;

(ii) the name under which he practises if different from his own name, or the name of the person employing him; and

(iii) the principal and any other address or addresses at which he practises in Singapore;

(b) such evidence as the Board may require that the applicant has complied with or is exempt from the rules relating to insurance against professional liability; and

(c) the prescribed fee, and the Board shall, subject to subsection (4), thereupon issue to the registered architect a practising certificate.

(4) The Board may refuse to issue a practising certificate if -

(a) the applicant is an undischarged bankrupt;

(b) the applicant has entered into a composition with his creditors or a deed of arrangement for the benefit of his creditors;

(c) the applicant does not intend to practise either on his own account or in partnership, or is not or not about to be employed by any person lawfully supplying architectural services in Singapore;

(d) the declaration under subsection (3) contains a statement that to its knowledge is false in a material particular; or

(e) the conduct of the applicant affords reasonable grounds for believing that he will not engage in the practice of architecture in Singapore in accordance with any written law and with honesty and integrity.               [15/95]

(f) the Board is not satisfied that the applicant has complied with the prescribed requirements relating to continuing professional education; or

(g) the Board does not approve of the name under which the registered architect intends to carry on his practice.

(5) Any registered architect (not being a registered architect who is applying for a practising certificate for the first time) who fails to apply for a practising certificate in the manner and within the period specified in subsection (1) may, on the making of an application in such form and on payment of such additional fee as may be prescribed, be issued a practising certificate for -

(a) the ensuing year if the application is made during the month of December of any year; or

(b) the remainder of the year if the application is made on or after 1st January of any year.

(6) Subject to subsection (9), a practising certificate shall, unless earlier cancelled, be in force from the date of its issue until 31st December of the year in respect of which it is issued.

(7) A practising certificate shall specify the name, the principal address and all other addresses of the firm or corporation under which the registered architect is practising or by which he is employed.

(8) Any change in such address shall be notified by the registered architect concerned to the Registrar within 2 weeks of such change and an endorsement of such change shall be obtained from the Registrar.

(9) Where the registration of a registered architect is cancelled under section 17B(2) or 31G(2)(a), the practising certificate, if any, of that architect for the time being in force shall expire forthwith and the Registrar shall enter the date of such expiration on the register of practitioners and remove from that register the name of that architect.

(10) Any person whose application for a practising certificate has been refused by the Board may, within 30 days after being notified of such refusal, appeal to the High Court whose decision shall be final.

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Section 19 -
Cancellation of practising certificates

19.- (1) The Board may cancel the practising certificate of any registered architect on any ground specified in section 18 (4) which applies to the registered architect, whether or not such ground existed at the time the practising certificate was issued.

(2) The Board shall not cancel any practising certificate under subsection (1) unless an opportunity of being heard either personally or in writing has been given to the person concerned.

(3) Any person whose practising certificate has been cancelled by the Board under this section may, within 30 days after being notified of such cancellation, appeal to the High Court whose decision shall be final.

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